Healthy, dense strips of warm-season grass sod can be laid anytime of year, but is best done in South Carolina when the temperatures remain above 55 degrees Fahrenheit for several weeks. Test the sprinkler heads to ensure they’re operating correctly. Need lawn care in Charlotte? The amount of water collected at the end of the irrigation cycle — 30 minutes, for example — will tell you whether your lawn is getting too much or not enough water and will enable you to make needed adjustments. Evening watering promotes the spread of disease. Fertilization:Apply 1/2 pound of nitrogen per thousand square feet three weeks after the grass turns green. Look into replacing your tall fescue with grass that depends less on water. Time Required to Apply Water for a Given Irrigation Rate. This leads either to giving too little water or to wasted water, which runs down sidewalks and streets, or through the root zone and deep into the ground where grass roots cannot reach it. And that means you need to give the royal treatment to your lawn when it comes to watering. For instance, a. in the suburb of Cary requires homeowners to follow a year-round, three-day-a-week watering schedule. Early morning is the best time to water. For instance, a city ordinance in the suburb of Cary requires homeowners to follow a year-round, three-day-a-week watering schedule. Remember that the warm-season grasses that thrive in the South need plenty of water as they get established; never allow a new lawn to dry out. NEVER burn off centipedegrass to remove excessive debris. Watering your lawn at the wrong time of day wastes water and can dehydrate your grass. In absence of a soil test, … Raise the mowing height of the lawn mower during summer months; a higher mowing height encourages root growth and reduces heat stress. Add the appropriate amount of lime and maintain adequate levels of phosphorus and potassium to encourage deep rooting and drought tolerance. If the soil is very dry, it will be difficult to push the screwdriver into the ground. Footprinting: Walk across your lawn late in the day and examine the lawn behind you to see if your steps left any “footprints.” Your footprints will appear in a lawn when the grass plants have low levels of water in their tissues. During such times, plants wilt even though water may be in the soil. Try to stretch the interval between waterings to as many days as possible to encourage the development of deep, extensive roots. Look at your footprints, a bluish-green or bluish-gray cast or wilted leaves. The Center for Turfgrass Environmental Research and Education at North Carolina State University puts the range at 4 to 6 inches. Most of the water will make it to the roots. It spreads quickly, with surface runners that form roots at the joint and the grass … ... Avoid removing more than a third of the leaf's total blade length at one time… This is not exactly correct, there are many variables involved in knowing when to water or not to water your lawn. Water evaporation is minimized so that a high proportion of the applied water is used by the grass plants. This seldom happens with small sprinklers unless the lawn is very dense or the soil is compacted. Take care not to overwater, as disease problems may increase. Here are six tips for watering your lawn in the Charlotte, NC, area so that it’s fit for a king or queen. This is because the leaves lose water faster than can be absorbed through the root system. Lawn care and water experts say you typically should limit watering … Water early in the morning; it is the most efficient and beneficial time. The Best Time to Water Grass Regardless of the type of grass you are growing, the best time to water your lawn is very early in the morning before it gets hot. When is the Ideal Time to Fertilize Centipede Grass in South Carolina? Step 2: If you have an in-ground system, randomly place the containers in one zone at a time. Fix leaky hoses, spigots and valves. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. If you live in an area that has four distinct seasons, autumn is a time when temperatures begin to drop, the days become shorter, and the growth of your grass … Use Table 1 as a guide for sprinkler times. During long, dry hot periods in the summer, there are two choices when it comes to lawn irrigation: water the grass to keep it green, or do not water and watch the lawn turn brown and dormant. Spray iron (ferrous) sulfate (2 ounces in water … To prevent water waste, make sure your sprinklers are pointed away from your driveway and sidewalks. Cool season grasses such … Here’s What You Need to Know About Brown Patch in Charlotte, 5 Tips for Fall Lawn Care in Charlotte, NC, 4 Best Grass Types for Your Lawn in Charlotte, NC, A Few Quick Lawn Mowing Tips for First-Time Homeowners in Charlotte, NC, A Quick Guide to Spring Lawn Care in Charlotte, NC, 5 Tips for Prepping Your Charlotte, NC Lawn for Spring, 2021’s Best and Worst States for Living Off the Grid, 10 Walkway Ideas for Your Yard and Garden, 14 Treehouse Ideas for Your Backyard Playhouse. The water regulations in your town may be different. Once you choose to water, continue watering. Failure to provide maintenance on the barrier at this time could result in complete failure of the barrier or could seriously damage the pond's dam. To figure out how much water adds up to 1 inch, do the “tuna can” test. Besides increasing mowing time, watering may encourage weed growth, stimulate disease outbreaks and raise your water bill. Consider only those areas that need water. Loosen up the soil with a spading fork or use a powered machine that creates holes or “pores” in the lawn by the action of spoons or tines mounted on a drum or reel. If you use a hose-end sprinkler to water turf, place the containers in a straight line from the sprinkler to the edge of the watering pattern. Also, early morning irrigation may curtail the development and spread of diseases. Get your soil tested and follow a fertilization program according to the test results. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. Find the best dates for planting and transplanting vegetables and fruit! To measure how much water the soil has soaked up, pierce the turf with a screwdriver or similar tool. How to Calibrate a Sprinkler: Knowing the amount of water an irrigation system applies over a certain time period is an important step in using water efficiently. Randomly place three or four rain gauges, tuna cans or similar containers in each of your lawn’s watering zones, NC Cooperative Extension. Since rainfall patterns vary, seasonal droughts are common in South Carolina. The self … Meanwhile, Cary recommends watering early in the morning or late in the evening to avoid losing up to 50 percent of the water to daytime evaporation. Watering in the morning (before 10 a.m.) is the best time for your lawn; it’s cooler and winds tend to be calmer so water can soak into the soil and be absorbed by the grass roots before it … You’ve got to make sure you have the proper equipment and it’s working the way it’s supposed to. Step 6: Calculate the average depth of water by dividing the amount of collected water in inches by the number of cans. Time to Stock. There is a great demand for zoysia grass in South Carolina because it is nearly maintenance free. Water established lawns … Here are a few things you should cover: Roughly 90 percent of the grass in the Charlotte area is tall fescue. Even then, the clock can be made to operate more efficiently by installing a rain shut-off device that overrides the system when it rains. The best time to apply fertilizer to centipede grass is a few weeks after green-up and before temperatures reach 85° F. In South Carolina, we usually experience this mid-May, however, let your lawn be your guide. As experts in sod and grass, Sodbusters, located in Charleston, South Carolina, knows that Saint Augustine grass is a favorite among homeowners throughout the state. Mow before the grass gets taller than 1½ to 2 inches. Grasscycling is simply leaving grass clippings on your lawn. First is where you live, coastal South Carolina is an area of extremes. … Sowing in the fall, about 30 days before the first frost, ensures a green cover during the winter when warm-season grass … Get easy-to-understand, actionable yard tips that will give you the greenest grass on the block. Unfortunately, each choice bears some consequences. The most efficient way to water a lawn is to apply water when the lawn begins to show signs of stress from lack of water. Charlotte Water recommends watering your lawn to a soil depth of 6 to 8 inches to encourage the growth of grass roots. Based on Soil Moisture Depth In general, St. Augustine grass needs its soil to have a moist 6-inch top layer. The holes also serve as water reservoirs by collecting water that reduces surface runoff. The Center for Turfgrass Environmental Research and Education at North Carolina State University. Our free planting guide calculates the best dates for sowing seeds indoors and … Turfgrasses, like all living plants, require water for growth and survival. Lawn care and water experts say you typically should limit watering to as much as 1 inch of water per week, including rainfall. Step 4: After the elapsed time, collect the cans and pour the water into a single can. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. However, always check the soil since watering may be needed. To figure out how much water adds up to 1 inch, do the “tuna can” test. Most of the water will have time … Here are six tips for watering your lawn in the, — but not required to — water their lawns only on Tuesdays and Saturdays. For an in-ground, automatic sprinkler system, set the time clock to “off” and manually turn the system “on” when the lawn needs water. asiseeitGetty Images “The absolute best time to water your lawn is the early morning, before 10AM,” says Maurer. Irrigating your lawn in the afternoon or early … In South Carolina, we have several different grasses that are used for residential and commercial turf. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. As a general rule, keeping your lawn healthy requires 1 inch of water weekly, including rainfall. Adhere to the 1-Inch Guideline. Warm-Season Grass: Warm-season grasses include Bermuda grass… You can rent a gas-powered, walk-behind lawn aerator for about $70 per day. at 4 to 6 inches. Space the containers evenly. Also, early morning irrigation … However, tall or red fescue cool-season grasses may not fare as well. Watering your lawn in the afternoon or early evening. For the same reason, the evening is the worst time to water … Look for signs of thirst to identify highly drought-prone areas: high spots; sandy locations; and areas adjacent to sidewalks, patios and driveways. Mowing: Mow the lawn when it first turns green in the spring with a reel mower set at ¾ to 1 inch or a rotary mower set as low as possible without scalping. If the Saint Augustine grass is looking a little pale or worse for wear, then it would be best to slightly adjust watering times until the grass regains its lushness. Early plant growth for South Carolina… If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. St. Augustine grass grows in full sun but is a very shade and salt tolerant grass. Dethatching by verticutting or aerifying will assist overseeding heavily thatched lawns. Step 5: Measure the depth of water you collected. So if the lawn is currently receiving 15 minutes of water … Cool-season lawns are best aerified in the fall; warm-season lawns in the summer. You can also sample the soil from the root zone and see if it feels dry. The amount of water collected at the end of the irrigation cycle — 30 minutes, for example — will tell you whether your lawn is getting too much or not enough water and will enable you to make needed adjustments. Planting calendars for places in South Carolina. 23 of Our Test Kitchen's Best Cookie Recipes of All Time ... sprigs, or plugs, start lawns in the summer. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. Most people irrigate for a given number of minutes without knowing how much water they are really applying. While a well-established fescue lawn can be allowed to go dormant without serious injury, a newly established lawn with a limited root system may be severely injured or killed. Grass carp should be stocked in the spring for best results. Let the lawn “show” you when it needs water. Grasses used in South Carolina generally consists of warm season grasses such as: bermuda, zoysia, centipede, and carpet grass is even used in shady, wet areas of the state. Determine the depth of penetration with the “screwdriver test.” If you have a portable sprinkler you can move it frequently to avoid surface runoff and excessive water use. Water once every 2 to 3 days in dry weather (about 1/2 inch at each application). Prolonged dry periods of high temperatures, strong winds and low relative humidity cause the lawn to appear drought-stressed. Bob Polomski, PhD, Extension Consumer Horticulturist, Clemson UniversityDebbie Shaughnessy, Former HGIC Information Specialist, Clemson University, Joey Williamson, PhD, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. Water evaporation is minimized so that a high proportion of the applied water is used by the grass plants. For example, if the sprinkler system applies water at the rate of 2 inches per hour and you wish to apply 0.75 inches of water, then you would need to run your sprinklers for about 23 minutes. LawnStarter is a startup making lawn care easy affordable and reliable. The most common grass … A new lawn of fescue that is less well-established, only a few months old and has a limited root system can be severely thinned and may need to be replanted. A well-established fescue lawn can be allowed to go drought dormant in the summer without serious damage. To determine how long to run a sprinkler system for irrigation rates not listed in Table 1, use Equation 1 in the box below. , and run your irrigation system for a typical cycle. Now that you know the sprinkler system irrigation rate, you can apply water more efficiently. Grass clippings decompose quickly and can provide up to 25 percent of the lawn’s fertilizer needs. In Charlotte, the water utility suggests watering your lawn between 6 p.m. and 6 a.m. Encouraging the lawn to break dormancy and then not watering again will exhaust the plants and can cause injury. When to water your lawn Deeply and infrequently are the two most important words to remember when you’re considering when and how often to water your lawn. Never water the grass every day except during the establishment of newly seeded, sodded or sprigged lawns. Plus, the grass blades will dry quickly, preventing disease … Charlotte Water recommends watering your lawn to a soil depth of 6 to 8 inches to encourage the growth of grass roots. When the grass blades are compressed by your feet, the low water levels prevent the grass blades from springing back up. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. When it comes to when to fertilize your lawn, this is the most important factor at playthat determines when the best time is for a feed. Calibrating or determining the rate of water a sprinkler system applies is an easy job. Once you water, do not water again until you observe water deficiency symptoms. Do not let grass get taller than 1 1 ⁄ 2 inches. Remove any excess thatch so the seed can make good contact with the soil. Step 3: Turn the water on for 15 minutes. However, if you cannot apply this entire amount at once because of water running off from the lawn, apply about half an inch at a time and allow the water to soak in before you continue. Watering in the early morning is best because the grass has all day to dry out before night falls. Keep in mind when fertilizing Centipede grass: Leaf Check: During dry periods, grass leaves respond by wilting, rolling or folding. In addition to the footprint test mentioned earlier, you can check the soil to determine if it’s time to water … Use the following techniques to identify signs or indications of water need. The symptoms of … In fact, the Seedland website says it is considered the South's grass. If the sprinkler applies too much water, it runs off and is wasted. A warm-season grass known for its hardiness, Bermuda is used for golf courses, athletic fields, lawns and in parks. In lawns on compacted clay soil where water does not penetrate easily, consider aerifying the lawn. The time of day when you water the grass is also important. … Grass blades dry off quickly, reducing the probability of fungus spores from germinating and infecting the leaf tissues. The time of the year your grass is most actively growing will depend on your location and grass type. Once fall arrives, however, it is time to change the way you care for your grass to prepare it for the cooler weather ahead; here's how. In Charlotte, homeowners are urged to — but not required to — water their lawns only on Tuesdays and Saturdays. The automatic position on the time clock is useful when you are away for more than a few days. Footprinting:Walk across your lawn late in the day and examine the lawn behind you to see if your steps left any “footprints.” Your footprints will appear in a lawn when the grass plants have low levels of water … Mow before the grass grows taller than 1 1/2 to 2 inches. Lawn aeration should be scheduled during the time the grass is most actively growing. 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