White Oak (Quercus spp) The sapwood is light-colored and the heartwood is light-to-dark brown. Here at Durable Wood Products, we've been dealing with tropical hardwoods for many years. A few well-known hardwood species are oak, maple, and cherry, but many more trees share hardwood tree characteristics. Janka Rating System I’m working my way alphabetically by botanical name, so check out the latest added wood to see where I’m at in the queue! Maximize your home’s value. Natural/Rustic Hardwood is graded specifically for character features. Additionally, each species is shown in clear, light, medium and dark finishes to help visualize stain combinations of flooring, cabinetry, moulding and furniture co-existing in a single design space. When in doubt about the type of wood to select for your cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, refer to the Janka Rating System, which measures the relative hardness of woods. Hardwoods have a more complex structure than softwoods and are often much slower growing as a result. These are harder species. Take hardwood cuttings from deciduous shrubs and vines (see the suggested plant list) in the fall, after ‘leaf drop’, and before the ground is frozen. Properties: Tough, hard, strong, close-grained, takes good polish, wears evenly, sapwood is creamy white with slight reddish-brown tinge, heartwood varies from light … For optimal image quality, view on a high-resolution monitor. Conversely, some hardwoods, such as balsa, are quite soft. The African continent is an immense area, densely wooded in many regions, with wide variations in climate. Hardwood Species. I’m slowly grinding my way through roughly 800 wood species that have still yet to be listed on the site. Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. Eliminating Finish Blotches on Maple and Cherry, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Specifiers, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice, Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts (Red Oak), Fixing Cracks and Squeaks in Hardwood Floors, Installing a Hardwood Floor Over a Concrete Slab, How to Install Hardwood Floors Over Radiant Heat, How to Apply Specialty Finishes for Hardwood Trim, American Hardwoods and Their Role in Carbon Neutral Design. On this page you can search hardwoods by botanical name, common name or application. This option is more plentiful than a lot of other species, making it an excellent choice for new installations and restorations. Unique burls, knots and color variances bring life to each board. Natural & Rustic Hardwood Species. Species List. The scale used in the table is pounds-force. The Guide to American Hardwood Species. Experts agree, American Hardwood sells! It is a favored wood for use in contrast with lighter-colored species. Let us break down the most common hardwood floor species today and hopefully make that decision just a little easier! Alder is a relatively soft hardwood of medium density that has low bending strength, shock resistance, and stiffness. There are many species available for wood flooring. Fantastic examples incorporating wood tones to create stylish designs | Houzz, https://www.facebook.com/AmericanHardwoods, https://www.pinterest.com/americanhardwds/, © 2020 Hardwood Manufacturers Association. How Selecting Materials Impacts Our Lives, Stylish projects to personalize your home, Six Imaginative Ways to Use Hardwood in Your Home, Six Ways to Refresh Your Home with Hardwood, Trend Alert: Wood Planks Warm up Ceilings and Walls, From modest to magnificent: Create an entertainment space for any home, American Hardwoods Offer a Breath of Fresh Air, Mix – Don’t Match – Wood Textures and Colors; Experts Across the U.S. Urge Diversity in Design, Straight Talk About Hardwoods from Four Savvy Design Pros, 5 Ways real wood floors add appeal and value, Hardwood Flooring Trends – A Touch of the Creative, Hardwood Flooring Must-Know Shopping Facts. Hardwood Finishes More Eco-Friendly than Ever, Know your Hardwood Floors by Starting at the "Finish", Revealing Hardwood Treasure beneath Carpeting and Linoleum. Hardwood floors have been prized for centuries for their beauty and wearability. Local 336-449-9627 or Toll Free 1-888-445-7335 All prices given are for rough lumber. Details for each species include; appearance, common applications, durability, strength, workability, termite-resistance and fire-resistance. Hardwood Finishes More Eco-Friendly than Ever, Know your Hardwood Floors by Starting at the “Finish”, Revealing Hardwood Treasure beneath Carpeting and Linoleum. The dominant feature separating "hardwoods" from softwoods is the presence of pores, or vessels. Widely available U.S. softwood trees include cedar, fir, hemlock, pine, redwood and spruce. Each species has its own unique set of characteristics (color, grain pattern, etc.). In fact, about 40 percent of American trees are in the hardwood category. Alder, Red. species gallery. ALDERASHASPENBASSWOODBIRCHCHERRYCOTTONWOOD, Fantastic examples incorporating wood tones to create stylish designs | Houzz, https://www.facebook.com/AmericanHardwoods, https://www.pinterest.com/americanhardwds/, © 2020 Hardwood Manufacturers Association, How Selecting Materials Impacts Our Lives, Trend Alert: Wood Planks Warm up Ceilings and Walls, From modest to magnificent: Create an entertainment space for any home. This cousin of birch and aspen generally prefers wet climates and usually grows in groves along stream banks or on moist hillsides. In addition to the basics – where they grow, general description, and abundance – each Hardwood profile includes working and physical properties, availability, strength and mechanical properties, and main uses. S4S: Surface four sides, call for pricing. What is the difference between red oak and white oak? Eliminating Finish Blotches on Maple and Cherry, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Specifiers, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice, Kauffman Center for the Performing Arts (Red Oak), Fixing Cracks and Squeaks in Hardwood Floors, Installing a Hardwood Floor Over a Concrete Slab, How to Install Hardwood Floors Over Radiant Heat, How to Apply Specialty Finishes for Hardwood Trim, American Hardwoods and Their Role in Carbon Neutral Design. How Much Dimensional Change Should You Expect? About To Show Your Hardwood Floor The Door? Make sure to order around 10% more flooring than your measurements dictate for your project. In a home, softwoods primarily are used as structural lumber such as 2x4s and 2x6s, with limited decorative applications. Create Character with the Crowning Touch of Hardwood Mouldings, Taking a closer look at ‘Natural and Healthy'American hardwood products, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Consumers, Know your Hardwood Floors by Starting at the "Finish". We have the largest selection of rare hardwoods from around the world. Each wood species is listed in alphabetical order in each chart with its corresponding related number next to each species. Hardwood species From the big leaf maple and white birch to the red alder and trembling aspen, BC’s hardwood species are used to make such beautiful wood products as flooring, cabinetry and furniture, as well as musical instruments, interior millwork and more. The Hardwood Forestry Fund provides grants for planting high quality hardwoods on suitable sites in the US and internationally. Tropical Hardwoods, including mahogany, rosewood, teak and wenge - are not native to North America. Black cherry (Prunus serotina) Black cherry, sometimes called "wild cherry," is also a very common … This Guide features 20 of the most abundant and most often used Hardwood species. North America’s forests grow hundreds of varieties that thrive in temperate climates, including oak, ash, cherry, maple and poplar species. When deciding to go with hardwood there are construction considerations on your selection (Solid or Engineered) but there is also a decision for you to make between a Traditional or Exotic Hardwood Species. Softwoods or conifers, from the Latin word meaning “cone-bearing,” have needles rather than leaves. It can be used for flooring, furniture making, workbenches, desks, tables, worktops, and high class joinery. We've collected and produced some detailed information about tropical hardwood species below. Not all species are listed or available. Call for questions on inventory. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular domestic or exotic wood species. Some softwoods, however, can be very hard; pine, for example. This hardwood lumber are carefully selected to bring consistency never seen before in rustic grade lumber. The Janka test measures the amount of force required to embed a 0.444" steel ball into the wood to half of its diameter. This Guide features 20 of the most abundant and most often used Hardwood species. Traditionally, they represent wealth, taste and style, with each grain pattern and texture bringing a unique masterpiece of natural splendor to the indoors. We have over 250 species of woods and more than 9,000 hand-curated selections offering hobbiests, craftworkers and designers countless options to match any project or style. Hardwood Species. The hardest commercially available hardwood is hickory, and it is five times harder than aspen, one of the “soft” hardwoods. Density of Various Wood Species - Density of various wood species - apple, ash, cedar, elm and more Drill Bit Speed - Hardwood and Softwood - Hardwood and softwood drill speed chart Fire Wood - the Cord - The cord is the most common unit for purchasing fuel wood The following offers a brief comparison of American hardwoods, softwoods and often misused tropical hardwoods and their appropriate applications: Hardwoods are deciduous trees that have broad leaves, produce a fruit or nut and generally go dormant in the winter. Cucumbertree Elm, American Hackberry Hickory, Shagbark 3. Red alder grows like a weed, doing … Clean Pruners First, always clean your pruners or knife with rubbing alcohol, or, 1-part bleach and 9-parts water to prevent the spread of disease. Australian Hardwood Species Guide Version June 2018 ver2 Botanical name Eucalyptus obliqua Eucalyptus regnans Eucalyptus delegatensis Eucalyptus dalrympleana Eucalyptus grandis Eucalyptus acmenoides Eucalyptus maculata Eucalyptus pilularis Eucalyptus paniculate/ drepanophylla/ decepta/ sideroxylon mugga Corymbia trachyphloia/ Terminalis/ In general, hardwoods have more wood cells and less air per square inch than softwoods. S3S: Surface two sides and Straightline rip one edge, add $0.60/bd.ft. One of the most common species for creating hardwood floors is oak. Hardwoods. Oak Red & White. Beech is a perishable timber so is best used for internal use only. All lumber is graded to National Hardwood Association Standards America’s forests contain hundreds of different hardwood tree species. Each species can be crafted into durable, long-lasting furniture, cabinetry, flooring and millwork, and each offers unique markings with variation in grain pattern, texture and color. Extra Flooring. NWFA Hardwood Floors Species Gallery. How Much Dimensional Change Should You Expect? All lumber offers a high yield of tight, sound rustic characters. Wood Name: Specie Name: Click on each species to learn more. Keeping hardwood floors looking beautiful is easier than you think. SLOWLY BUT SURELY. Furniture looks, elegant simplicity mark new styles in kitchen cabinetry, Hardwood Cabinets Enhance Universal Design, Fashion for the home: Hardwoods are key design element in contemporary furnishings, Furnishing the Nursery with an Eye to the Future, Solid Hardwood Furniture, Still the Classic Choice, Create Character with the Crowning Touch of Hardwood Mouldings, Add style to your home from floor to ceiling, Transform an aging room into a dazzling showcase, Creating Characterful Interiors with Hardwood Moulding, Enhance a Home’s Character with Hardwood Architectural Details, Taking a closer look at ‘Natural and Healthy'American hardwood products, The Confident Choice for Eco-conscious Consumers, American Hardwoods: Renewable, Abundant and Sustainable, American Hardwoods: The Natural, Eco-Friendly Choice for Your Home. For more information on non-native species, refer to the “Don’t be fooled” article. Experts agree, American Hardwood sells! 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